Posts Tagged ‘high priest’

HEBREWS 7:23-28

23 Furthermore, the former priests were many in number, because they were prevented by death from continuing in office; 24 but he holds his priesthood permanently, because he continues forever. 25 Consequently he is able for all time to save those who approach God through him, since he always lives to make intercession for them.

26 For it was fitting that we should have such a high priest, holy, blameless, undefiled, separated from sinners, and exalted above the heavens. 27 Unlike the other high priests, he has no need to offer sacrifices day after day, first for his own sins, and then for those of the people; this he did once for all when he offered himself. 28 For the law appoints as high priests those who are subject to weakness, but the word of the oath, which came later than the law, appoints a Son who has been made perfect forever.

The writer of Hebrews, likely writing in the decade following the destruction of the Jewish temple in Jerusalem by the Romans (70 C.E.), is deeply engaged in spiritualizing the familiar parts and practices of temple sacrificial worship. As the apostle Paul had earlier transferred the identity of the temple itself from the physical building to the spiritual community of believers, so now this author (in the tradition of Paul) interprets the identity and saving achievement of Jesus Christ according to the earthly function of the Jewish high priest. But, of course, the heavenly High Priest is superior in every way, perpetually interceding for all those who call on his name.

The historical role of the Jewish high priest was to serve as chief mediator between the people of Israel and their God. On the high holy Day of Atonement he first purified himself and then offered a sacrifice of repentance (“returning”) on behalf of the nation, removing its guilt and wiping clean the slate of its sin-record against God. Although he had been raised up from among the people and (here was a sore spot for many Jewish purists) appointed by Rome, the high priest was fallible, in his own way sinful, and naturally mortal. In other words, he was neither perfect nor permanent.

But Jesus, according to this spiritual re-reading, was indeed perfect, and, what’s more, lives even now in everlasting beatitude with God. So, while there may have been legitimate questions over the certification and virtue of some of his former and earthly counterparts, Jesus represents a permanent fixture in the universal process of salvation. Now there is no need to travel to Jerusalem, or any other religious center for that matter, to have access to God’s saving grace.