Dispatch Two Hundred Seventy-Nine

Posted: March 6, 2018 in Fifty-Fourth Bundle
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JOB 1:1; 2:1-10

There was once a man in the land of Uz whose name was Job. That man was blameless and upright, one who feared God and turned away from evil.

2 One day the heavenly beings came to present themselves before the Lord, and Satan also came among them to present himself before the LordThe Lord said to Satan, “Where have you come from?” Satan answered the Lord, “From going to and fro on the earth, and from walking up and down on it.” The Lord said to Satan, “Have you considered my servant Job? There is no one like him on the earth, a blameless and upright man who fears God and turns away from evil. He still persists in his integrity, although you incited me against him, to destroy him for no reason.” Then Satan answered the Lord, “Skin for skin! All that people have they will give to save their lives. But stretch out your hand now and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will curse you to your face.” The Lord said to Satan, “Very well, he is in your power; only spare his life.”

So Satan went out from the presence of the Lord, and inflicted loathsome sores on Job from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head. Job took a potsherd with which to scrape himself, and sat among the ashes.

Then his wife said to him, “Do you still persist in your integrity? Curse God, and die.” 10 But he said to her, “You speak as any foolish woman would speak. Shall we receive the good at the hand of God, and not receive the bad?” In all this Job did not sin with his lips.

The Book of Job was originally composed as a radical challenge to then-current explanations for why people suffer adversity in life. Most popular and widely held of these explanations was the one that attributed human suffering to previous sins, as retribution or ‘payback’ for disobedience to God. In his attack on this view, the author depicts a perfectly innocent man, Job, who nevertheless experiences profound loss and physical pain.

For the reader’s benefit, the author lets us in on the wager made between God and “the adversary” (Hebrew satan) whose principal task is to test the honesty, integrity, and patience of people throughout the earth by trials of various kinds. Unfortunately, though it is often interpreted as the true explanation of Job’s suffering, the real purpose of the wager scene in heaven is to make the point that Job is, in fact, innocent and undeserving of his ensuing catastrophe. He is being tested in the crucible of personal loss and disease, but he is not paying for past sins: thus the premise of the traditional explanation is disqualified from the start.

One of the enduring virtues of the Book of Job is its courageous embrace of ambiguous life. We may wish for a perfect world where good people prosper and only the bad people experience hardship, but that is not the world in which we live. Here,  innocent children are violently abused, the hardworking poor starve to death, and the elderly are forgotten in nursing homes.

The kindest people suffer horribly from random illnesses, and the generosity of the charitable is frequently exploited by greedy brokers or organized terrorists. Job’s wife urged him to “curse God and die,” or in other words to give up his hope for justice. His response was to say, in effect, that we live in a broken, mixed up, and out-of-balance world.

That’s just the way it is.

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