PSALM 147:12-20

12 Praise the Lord, O Jerusalem!
    Praise your God, O Zion!
13 For he strengthens the bars of your gates;
    he blesses your children within you.
14 He grants peace within your borders;
    he fills you with the finest of wheat.
15 He sends out his command to the earth;
    his word runs swiftly.
16 He gives snow like wool;
    he scatters frost like ashes.
17 He hurls down hail like crumbs—
    who can stand before his cold?
18 He sends out his word, and melts them;
    he makes his wind blow, and the waters flow.
19 He declares his word to Jacob,
    his statutes and ordinances to Israel.
20 He has not dealt thus with any other nation;
    they do not know his ordinances.
Praise the Lord!

Spirituality advances and unfolds through the course of a human lifespan according to a development logic that is well documented and represented widely across the world cultures. Using the conceptual model of trimesters in pregnancy, we have identified the critical opportunities and challenges that human spiritual growth must address and successfully negotiate in the journey to fulfillment.

In summary fashion, we can name the principal idea of God at each stage using the terms Providential Power (stage/trimester 1), Patron Deity (stage/trimester 2), and Ground of Being (stage/trimester 3).

In the first trimester our relationship to God is to One who watches over us, cares for us, and provides for our basic needs. At this stage our world awareness hasn’t yet expanded to to the point of confronting other perspectives and value systems. We simply cannot comprehend that someone else may have a notion of God different from our own.

During the second trimester, however, as alternative worldviews and lifestyles become impossible to avoid or ignore, we will typically come to the conclusion of the psalmist – that these others do not (for they can not) know the true God, who is our God.

If spirituality is allowed to progress, we will eventually come to the awareness of God as transcending (going beyond) theology altogether, while at the same time immanent to all things as the essential ground of being itself.

It seems that this sense of privilege and exclusive favor that comes during the second period is somehow necessary to a healthy spirituality – as long as it can be prevented from hardening into a self-centered fundamentalism.


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